The first ancient city in Romania

Histria is the oldest city on the territory of Romania. It was founded in the 7th century B.C. by the Ionians Greeks from Milet, and was continuously inhabited for 13 centuries.

Herodot, “the Father of History” said the following: “Istrum ends by flowing in the Pontus Euxinus sea, and there is Istria, a settlement of the Milesians. Strabon was the first historian who offered a more exact location, mentioning that the settlement was at “500 stadiums away from the Sacred Mouth of Istrum”. He also calculated more exact distances between Istria and other fortresses.

Taking into account all historical sources, there are two theories about the founding year of the settlement: 657 and 630 B.C. First identified only by historical writings in the 19th century by Frenchman Ernest Desjardins, Histria site was dug up in 1914 by archeologist Vasile Parvan. He began a wide and systematic research of the site and created the great archeological complex that can be admired today.

Under the protection of Apollo, the God of Healing (Letros), but also under the protection of all Olympian Gods, Histria had its emblem in the form of an eagle riding a dolphin, a symbol that was minted in the city on numerous coins.

The history of the city stretches from the ancient times to the classical, Helenistic, Roman and Roman-Byzantine period and end with the definitive abandonment of the city in the 7th century A.D.

In ancient times, Histria was a port of Pontus Euxinus, but during the centuries, the natural phenomenon of sand clogging cut its direct access to the sea and eventually led to the decay of the fortress and its transformation into a small settlement on the shore of a freshwater lake ( the Sinoe Lake of today - part of the Razim-Sinoe Lagoon) During the height of its development, Histria was a great and powerful fortress that had a population of over 10.000. The outer walls that can be admired today date from Roman-Byzantine period, but the city had more such outer walls over the centuries.

The fortress is impressive even today and has a lot of sections, proof of its ancient greatness. The majestic walls, the Great Gate, The Sacred Area with its temples and sanctuaries, the two Thermae (public baths), Residential Area (Domus), the Bishop Basilica are just a few of the best preserved.

A lot of precious archeological relics and epigraphic materials unearthed in the last century can be admired in the Histria Museum.

Video Gallery
Photo Gallery
Situl este vizitabil, bine conservat
Program de vizitare: Miercuri - Duminică: 09.00 - 17.00; Luni și marţi - Închis
Rute și access
  • Autostrada A2 dinspre Bucureşti, A4 până la Ovidiu, DN DN22 până la Lumina, DJ226 până la Histria
  • Dinspre Galaţi DN2A până la Lumina, apoi DJ226 până la Histria
  • Dinspre Aeroport Mihail Kogălniceanu - DN2A până la Lumina, apoi DJ226 până la Histria
  • Dinspre Constanţa - statiunea Mamaia, Mamaia Nord, apoi DJ226 până la Histria
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Muzee în apropiere
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