Enisala

Enisala

A medieval fortress with an impressive history

Up on a limestone hill, Enisala, the great medieval fortress can’t be missed from afar, surrounded by fertile lands, Lake Razelm and Lake Babadag. But some 6 - 8 centuries ago, the landscape was quite different. Then, Enisala was not only a fortress but a port at the Black Sea, on the shores of a gulf that was, in time, clogged by sand.

It was for the access to the sea that the fortress was built in the second half of the 14th century, in a time when Dobrogea was still under the Byzantine Empire rule. Most probably, the founders were not the Byzantines but the Genoese people who’s Maritime Republic had a commercial monopoly at the Black Sea and the Danube since 1261.

The Fortress has an irregular polygon shape, 3 meters thick walls and 6-7 meters tall. Near the main gate is a big bastion. On the south-east side there are 4 watchtowers and a secondary entrance.

Based on the 1261 alliance, the Genoese people controlled many strategic locations in the region, by having the commercial monopoly from Pangalia (Mangalia) and Constanța to the northern parts where they ruled over the White Fortress, Solina(Sulina), Vicina, Chilia, Donovici(Dunăvăț) or Sancti Georgi (Sfântu Gheorghe). For a short time, during the rule of Mircea cel Bătrân (1386-1418), Dobrogea was under the administration of Wallachia and Enisala was home base for a Wallachian garrison.

The Genoese were present in the region until the end of the 15th century, even after the descendants of Mircea cel Bătrân lost Dobrogea to the Ottoman Empire. On the navigation italian maps the fortress has a few other names as Heracleea, Bambola sau Pampolo.

At Enisala (Yeni Sale - New Village in turkish), the Turks founded a garrison which had the surrounding area under surveillance. The Genoese interest for the fortress faded as it lost its link to the sea when the gulf became blocked by sand. Soon after the Italians left, the Ottomans abandoned it too, as its strategic role was no longer important.

Enisala’s walls stood the test of time with stubbornness at the top of the limestone hill, to tell us the story of their greatness and their decline.

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Situl este vizitabil, bine conservat
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Enisala
Rute și access
  • DN2A dinspre București până la Hârșova, DN22A până la Ciucurova, DN 22D până la Două Cantoane, apoi DJ 222 până la Enisala
  • Dinspre Galați DN2A până la Hârșova, DN22A până la Ciucurova, DN 22D până la Două Cantoane, apoi DJ 222 până la Enisala
  • Dinspre Aeroport Mihail Kogălniceanu - DJ222 până la Două Cantoane, apoi DJ 222 până la Enisala
  • Dinspre Constanța DN 22 până la Două Cantoane, apoi DJ 222 până la Enisala
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Ionut D:
peisajul este de vis in toate anotimpurile. revenim cu drag la Enisala